Physiotherapy 2

Physiotherapy for Rehabilitation

Physiotherapy 1

Exercises & Stretches

Physiotherapy 3

Chronic Pain Management

Physiotherapy 4

Mobilisation & Manipulation

How they treat

physio-2Physiotherapists are highly skilled at treating people with pain and limitation of movement following injury, surgery or painful conditions such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.

The Physiotherapist may offer manual therapy and will explain how you can manage the pain, contribute to your own recovery and prevent the problem from recurring. Research clearly shows that physical activity and exercise can help in many cases. Your Physiotherapist will provide you with an exercise programme based on your health, ability and fitness levels. He or she may use one of several different treatment types to help you recover.

Manual therapy, for example, can help:

  • In an assessment or examination, to touch and feel injured or swollen tissues
  • During movement analysis, to examine and feel how muscles, tendons and joints move
  • To feel whether a muscle is in spasm
  • In treatments such as massage, manipulation, positioning and other soft-tissue and stretching techniques.

Massage is a manual therapy that involves handling soft tissues, such as muscle, tendons and ligaments, using pressure and stretching movements. It may help to improve circulation, aid drainage of excess fluid, improve movement, relieve pain and aid relaxation. It may also help with a range of conditions, including problems with the neck, back and limbs, headaches, and stress.

Postural advice
Postural advice involves helping a patient to become aware of their current posture and working with them to improve their posture. 'Posture' means the way you hold yourself when sitting, standing, lying down or moving around. Posture is often improved by breaking old habits. This may be done by finding ways to remember to regularly check and improve one's position and through exercises to strengthen certain muscle groups.

Physiotherapists have many other ways to manage your pain and help your recovery, and these may include:

Pulsed shortwave therapy
Pulsed shortwave therapy is a form of electrotherapy that produces an electromagnetic field that generates heat within tissues. It is thought to promote healing, reduce swelling and provide pain relief in soft-tissue injuries, slow-healing wounds, sinusitis and conditions affecting the pelvic area.

TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation)
TENS is a form of electrotherapy that produces symptomatic pain relief by stopping the nerves from sending pain signals to the brain and stimulating the release of endorphins - our bodies' natural painkillers. TENS machines are increasingly available in chemists for personal use. The device usually consists of a small battery-operated unit and electrodes with gel pads that stick to the skin.

Ultrasound is a form of electrotherapy that uses high-frequency sound waves (vibrations) to treat injuries to muscles, tendons and other soft tissues. It stimulates blood circulation and cell activity, speeds up the healing process, reduces scars and may provide pain relief.

Acupuncture (or Dry Needling)
is a technique of inserting fine needles into particular points of the body. It originated in China and, according to traditional Chinese medicine, works by restoring balance in the patient's vital energy ('qi'). It may be used with other Physiotherapy skills to help reduce tissue inflammation and pain and to promote recovery. Acupuncture needling has been shown to stimulate the body's own pain-relieving chemicals, which are called endorphins.